matrixmann: (Wasteland Ranger)
After Greeks and Spaniards now refugees should become the fill for the often propagated "shortage of skilled workers" (in German: "Fachkräftemangel") which Germany's been officially crying about for years.
There's enough of own citizens looking for jobs for years, even people with special training, but the only things they get fed with are 400-Euro-jobs, subcontracted labor, uncertain work conditions and dubious training decreed by the job centers to keep their benefits. - And politicians and the industry have nothing else to do then trying to hire foreign workers all the time for something that their own citizens could do - while crying around besides that the costs for wellfare expenses explode?
It seems like nothing ever in the strategy of generating Germany's wealth has changed.
During the times of the 3rd Reich, it was the slave labor in the concentration camps.
During the times of 2 German states, it was West Germany soliciting, first for the skilled workers from the GDR until the Berlin Wall was errected, and then second for the gastarbeiter from Southern Europe.
After the reunification, once again it was gathering the people from the former GDR in West Germany, and soon as the enlargement of the EU progressed, it was the people from the Eastern European countries which still made profit out of their education in the states of the Warsaw Pact and the Soviet republics.
As long as a fascist and post-fascist Germany wasn't in ruins and they were forced to deal with the people they had left on their own territory, they fed on the fruits of foreign countries.
Always they (respectively: their industry) found it more comfortable to let others train the workers they wanted to have. Gathering their wealth at the cost of countries they mocked about for their primitivity of life and mentality.
Always it was too expensive to invest something into its own people. They should only be left to the role of the consumer, and on the other hand they complain that these consumers have no money on their own or only have some because of "superfluous welfare".
If you want to be that evil - yes, it has been feeding on the misery of others for decades!
Sure it isn't the only country which has done so, but by far, it's one of the worst that you can find these days! Especially in regard to which image it tries to sell!

If someone wants to interpret "damage to one's own business" into this text - you see, it's just plain enragement. Nothing else. Nothing needs to be true of what has just been said here...
Everyone can do research on his own.
matrixmann: (Wasteland Ranger)
This one can also be enhanced:

"Niemand hat die Absicht, eine Mauer zu errichten." ("No-one has the intention to errect a wall.") is one of the famous quoted examples for political lies about an "inhuman regime" acting against the interests of its own people and locking them in under a doctrine physically and mentally. It was made by Walter Ulbricht, then Staatsratsvorsitzender (chairman of the State Council) and factual acting ruler of the GDR, as far as you can say that on occupied territory.
It was said in a response to a journalist on a press conference that was held on June 15 in 1961.
About a month later, the Wall was errected.

Today one is capable to say, it was straight down a lie what he'd said.
But, no matter his own position, according to the circumstances of the time and the conditions that lead to this action, one gets also capable to say: Even if he did not support it, something would have been done anyway. He was not in the position to lay down any claims or decree any executive actions.
Others were entitled to.

So with historical cases known like this in the back of the mind, one shall come back to political decisions made in the present.
What do you expect? Do you expect anyone to tell you "Yes, we're planning for a campaign."? Do you expect someone to say "Half a year to go, then we will strike!"?
Do you really believe things ain't so while the arming is already in full swing?
What if someone told you that tomorrow "they'll shoot back"?
Would you pack you things or would you just stand there and laugh at him, calling him a fool?
If someone told you openly how it really is you would still consider it to be the most impossible. What do I know than my safe home? It can't be true.
matrixmann: (Wasteland Ranger)
On June 16 in 1953, on two large construction sides in the Stalinallee (Karl-Marx-Allee today) and the side of the reconstructing hospital Berlin-Friedrichshain work stoppages appeared, which formed a small protest march that went to the Haus der Gewerkschaften and Leipziger Straße. Haus der Gewerkschaften was the residence of the Free German Trade Union Federation which was in fact founded on March 18 in 1945 in Aachen, but was only grabbed and kept up in the Soviet occupation zone. Leipziger Straße contained the seat of the government at that time.
Refused to be talked to by the trade union leaders, they were told the news of the withdrawal from the Normenerhöhung at the side of the government building, however this didn't end the protest march, which then went to the inner-city and back to the Stalinallee in steadily growing numbers.
Meanwhile the march, choirs and a stolen loudspeaker van already chanted "general strike" and the public was called for another protest action on Strausberger Platz at 7 o'clock in the morning on the following day.

Assumedly in consequence of the reporting of the radio station RIAS (Rundfunk im amerikanischen Sektor, Broadcasting in the American Sector) about the protest, representatives of the strike movement went to the station and directly spoke to the intendant, who was Egon Bahr at this time. They wanted to proclaim the general strike via radio, however the station denied them this possibility.

On the next day, by the morning of June 17th 1953, a massive upheaval began to strike all over the country.
The staffs of the factories went on strike and formed protest marches, which went to the inner cities of big towns. Administration buildings of local politics as well as police stations and jails were occupied, dozens threaded to be, the police was overwhelmed and helpless by the power of the masses they had to face.

Centers of the protest concentrated in the area of the "chemical triangle" (Chemiedreieck) around Halle, as well as the towns of Magdeburg, Leipzig and Dresden - the biggest industrial and workforce gatherings.
The numbers of participants can only be estimated, varying from 400.000 to 1,5 million people.
However the crisis was enough to force the government of the GDR into fleeing into Berlin-Karlshorst under the protection of the Soviets - the place where the capitulation to the Soviet Union was signed in the night of May 8 to May 9 in 1945 and which was the headquarters of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany until the foundation of the GDR in October 1949.

The upheaval was eventually stopped by declaring martial law by the Soviet administrative bodies in 167 of 217 existing districts in the GDR, including East-Berlin. The Soviet army and tanks came into towns and by their sheer presence the turmoil soon lost its force. Even on the day it started, the army predominantly regained control over the proceedings of events, without making use of a single shot.

During the following days and the following month, scattered appearances of protests still took place, depending on the size and importance of the factory, but they didn't nearly reach the size or impact as the fallout on June 17th.

In the history writing of the GDR, this upheaval always remained as a "counter-revolutionary attempt of a coup" (konterrevolutionärer Putschversuch), while the day was celebrated as "Tag der deutschen Einheit" (German Unification Day) in the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1954 until 1990.
However, the impression stated by Otto Grotewohl, Ministerpräsident of the GDR ( = premier, later called "Vorsitzender des Minsterrats", Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the GDR), in a declaration distributed by the Rundfunk der DDR (Radio of the GDR) at 2 o'clock in the afternoon of June 17th was not entirely by chance, as to RIAS played a big role in broadcasting and reporting about the uprising, especially in Berlin.
Even on the day June 17th, it aired a call of the senior of the West German DGB (deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, Confederation of German Trade Unions, founded on October 12th 1949 in Munich, active trade union until today) Ernst Scharnowski for the East Germans to seek for their Stausberger Plätze (transl. for understanding: squares) everywhere.

Modern history writing recognizes that without the efforts of RIAS the upheaval would have never become that powerful as it took place, but connections to a foreign initiated action right from the start could not be found.
The reactions varied from mourning (West Germany) to the idea "it's the Soviets' plan" (United States), "it was their right to end the turmoil" (Great Britian, Churchill), national insecurity (Soviet Union, especially in regard to Stalin's death on March 5 1953; Poland due to the same strategy of Normenerhöhungen in even a stricter manner) and declarations of sympathy (theoretist Edvard Kardelj from Yugoslavia).

The actual causes of this rebellion can be attributed to a chain of events and circumstances caused by the mistakes and early forced propulsive behavior of socialism by the leadership of the GDR and the Soviet Union, in distant liability also the policy of the Western Allies that ended up in the foundation of the Federal Republic of Germany (→ Diversion of Germany).
In spring of 1953, there was a serious food crisis in the GDR due to the the lack of agricultural tools and machines that weren't newly handed out during the agrarian reform (Bodenreform). The year before, in fall, harvests had been very substandard - which in conclusion lead to a worse food situation than before the war.
In addition, the national budget for the military (for establishing the Kasernierte Volkspolizei, Barracked People's Police), occuption and reparation payments threatened to burst the capability of the state, which lead to the needs of raising and ever inventing new charges.
Investment mostly went into the heavy industry which had no base yet in the GDR.
In comparison, on the sides of the Federal Republic of Gemany, whose economy and supply stood pretty quickly again after the war, it was only a result of the United States' Marshall Plan that they could do so. Without the help of American credit financing and goods supply these "comfortable" circumstances couldn't have been brought up - which always went into ideological competition with the circumstances in the GDR.
The peak of the situation was reached as the Normenerhöhung was added, meaning "work more for the same money".
Although after a meeting in Moscow about the situation in the GDR and the pleas of the GDR-politicians remained unheard, a Neuer Kurs (New Course) was proclaimed. The Neuer Kurs policy was introduced not only into the GDR, but also into all the other satellite states of the Soviet Union. It contained withdrawals from new taxes, charges, rationing of ration cards for the middle class, restrictions to small private businesses, as well as offerings to farmers, people who left the GDR, easings to people who wanted their relatives to come to East Germany for a visit and intellectuals who wanted to attend conferences in West Germany. Students were taken back into schools and universities who had been driven out of them due to having religious beliefs. Also some rises of prices were revoked.

But the main problem the Normenerhöhung stayed, so that those relaxations did nothing to the working class.
In combination with the food supply problem, which couldn't be corrected until 1958 as ration cards vanished, the the blister of anger grew until there was a big bang - which was the upheaval on June 17 1953.
matrixmann: (Wasteland Ranger)
Follower to:

As a result from the currency reform that was sided by the Western Allies and materialized by printing the bills overseas from September 1947 (shipping to Bremerhaven was from February 1948 until April 1948), the Soviet Military Administration in Germany ordered the mayor of Berlin to execute the currency reform of the Soviet occupation zone, originally scheduled for June 23 1948, applying to all four sectors in the town. The reigning mayor at this time was Willy Brandt, Friedrich Ebert started in East Berlin by November 30 in 1948.

From June 24 in 1948 the Soviet Union established the Berlin Blockade, which lasted until May 12th in 1949, but lead to no success.

In 1952, establishing of the inner German border began to be realized. Before that, possible dissidents were layed to forced movement to the inland, based upon reliable and semi-reliable information.

Also since 1952, there already have been thoughts in the SED party leader ship to close the border to the Western sectors, but due to the fact needing the agreement of the Soviet Union, which was missing, and running railway logistics in Berlin the idea could not be realized then.

In May 1961, the Berlin Ringbahn was completed, which allowed to drive around the Western Berlin sectors and so allowed for traffic to get along entirely without them.

Because of the Deutschmark circulating in Berlin since its introducing in 1948 (people who worked in Western Berlin got their income partly paid in Deutschmark, regardless of their place of living, so people from the East got hold of the more valuable currency), the Eastern concept of raising up society got into danger. The Deutschmark allowed its holders to afford themselves luxury that other citizens of the GDR could not, such as travelling to West Germany and Western foreign countries as well as purchasing Western wares.
In the longterm, developments threatened and started to undermine the concept of East Germany and the Soviet Union, which have seperated because they've felt like turned over the barrel at the currency reform and at raising a non-fascistic Germany.

A last trial to settle things with the people carrying the West German currency peacefully was undertaken in 1961 as the magistrate of East Berlin tried to form a commission with the city administration of the Western sectors, but then ruling mayor of West Berlin Willy Brandt refused the idea. - As in 1958/59 with Khrushchew's Berlin Ultimatum in November 1958, where Berlin should turn into a demilitarized Free City, otherwise the Soviet Union would transfer control over the pathways from West-Berlin to West-Germany to the GDR in half a year.

At the beginning of August 1961, during a meeting of Khrushchew and Ulbricht in Moscow was settled. A few days later, on a conferrence of the leaders of the countries of the Warsaw Pact the plan was finally decided, in order to fight the brain drain and "voting with one's feet" that took place in the GDR, East Berlin and other states of the Eastern bloc.

From the year of 1945 until the errection of the Berlin wall in August 1961, 3.5 million people fled to Western countries, mostly young and well-educated skilled workers.
matrixmann: (Wasteland Ranger)
The first step to the diversion of Germany after WWII was the introduction of a new currency in June 1948, based upon a plan by Gerhard Colm, Joseph Morrell Dodge und Raymond W. Goldsmith (Colm-Dodge-Goldsmith-plan) made in 1946.
The chief of the executing special agency, which was founded by the Economic Council for the Bizone in 1947, which prepared the currency reform on the side of Germany, was Ludwig Erhard.

The second step was the London 6-Power Conference, which the Soviets weren't invided to.

The last step was, after the Berlin Blockade, founding the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) on May 23 in 1949.
The German Democratic Republic, in return, was founded on October 7 1949.

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